06 Sep sofa fabric types
Viscose is a contradictory beast – as a manufactured regenerated cellulose fibre, it is neither actually pure (like cotton, wool or silk) nor really artificial (like nylon or polyester) – it falls someplace in between. The uncooked materials for viscose is cellulose, derived primarily from wood pulp (trees are 50% cellulose), which is broken down both mechanically or chemically and reformed into fibres. Viscose takes its title from the viscous liquid, which has an analogous colour and fluidity of honey, that’s formed midway by means of the manufacturing course of.
The viscose process was found by the English chemist Charles Cross and his collaborators in 1891. Viscose was first commercially produced in 1905 and was sometimes called “artificial silk” but was officially named “rayon” in 1924. The name is rumoured to be pushed by its brightness (ray of sun) and similarities to cotton (on).
Viscose has turn out to be well-liked for a number of reasons, most importantly its luxurious appear and feel yet affordable value. Viscose is flexible and blends easily with other fibres. It is well dyed and retains vivid colours notably properly. It is renowned for its silk like lustre, interesting drape and superior softness to cotton.
Viscose does nonetheless have limitations that all of us need to be wary of. Viscose absorbs moisture – body oils and water. This may discolour and weaken the fabric and end in marking. Consequently, many fabrics with a excessive viscose content material are categorised “dry clear solely”. Unfortunately, most commercial cleaning in New Zealand uses hot water extraction machines – the equipment used to dry clear furnishings will not be but accessible right here. Spot cleaning is problematic and can lead to water marking.
Viscose’s different Archilles heel is that it can have poor crease restoration. We upholstered a sofa in a viscose chenille just lately. This specific pile flattened or “bruised” extraordinarily easily and would not get well. I would discourage using such a fabric for upholstery – viscose performs a lot better in woven fabrics.